Questions & Answers

  • Wafa A AlKhadra

    Wafa A AlKhadra asked in Social Sciences 22nd Feb '17:

    Is patriotism formed as a result of the interaction between individuals’ own thoughts and experiences on the one hand and societal norms and narratives on the other? Or is it primarily due to the power of societal norms and narratives alone?
    View the question
  • Wafa A AlKhadra

    Wafa A AlKhadra asked in Social Sciences 7th Dec '16:

    Postmodern parody is both deconstructively critical and constructively creative, paradoxically making us aware of both the limits and the powers of representation. How does postmodern parody shape our politics and identity nowadays?
    View the question
  • Vladimir Somov

    Vladimir Somov replied 7th Dec '16:

    For a long time, history has been built on what historians consider “facts” or “grand” narratives. In the “postmodern” world all forms of narrative, including history itself, are perceived as largely personal, subjective, and even fictive? Where do you draw the line between history and fiction?
    View all replies to this question
  • Jane Haile

    Jane Haile asked in Social Sciences 6th May '13:

    Some European feminist groups regard prostitution as a form of violence against women and aim to abolish it worldwide. Does the abolition of prostitution globally appear to you a realistic goal and in line with historic or common sense.

    Wafa A AlKhadra replied 12th Jun '13:

    Another Form of Women's Abuse

    Prostitution is one of many issues that exist within a diversity of contentious feminist debate.  To put it within a diametrically opposed and contradictory debate, prostitution, according to its feminist proponents, is an articulation of the freedom of sexual expression and a fight of repressive sexual morality,  and for its opponents , it is a process of concretization of the body of women as sex objects and antithetical embodiment of women as moral and mind. 

    In my view, the body of woman is a text of battlefields between patriarchy and capitalism. Patriarchy has always coerced the body of women through power dynamics of homogenizing and normalizing gender stereotypes of women's subordination and subservience.  Prostitution, for example, represents a sexuality in which women are passive and men active and women are desired and men desire.   It is a process and an image that dichotomize the good and the bad, the body and the mind, the moral and the immoral, the vehicle and the tenor.   Prostitution within patriarchy does contain stereotypes that feminism wishes to challenge such as women as objects, sins, and recipient of act and gaze.  “The human body was entering a machinery of power that explores it, breaks it down and rearranges it,”  Sara Lee Barkly in “Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power” (6).   This means that “The docile body,” as Foucault describes it, is where dynamics and mechanics of male-dominated power and authority regulate the various activities of women’s body and make it operate the way the society wishes it to function.  Therefore, women’s body, in prostitution, is used and manipulated to function as a medium of negotiating males’ desires and their sexual needs.

    By the same token, capitalism deals with the women body as sexual objectification of women and visual appropriation of men’s hallucination of women’s sexuality.     Within capitalism, men sexualize hierarchy on how femininity is constructed through images that tell us what clothes, body shape, movements and sexuality they should have.  Capitalism, in other words, turns women’s body into a commodity of consumption and/or stimulant of gaze.

    As a feminist and in my on-going fight against hegemony, patriarchy and the commodification and minimization of women’s body by capitalism, I not only actively oppose prostitution but call for its abolition.   To me, prostitution or the so called sex working – in addition to being morally and religiously objectionable – is a means to structurally perpetuate the objectification of the body of women as a sex object, a subordinate and an agent.  It is a demeaning avenue to trade women’s body with money capital to meet men’s hallucination of women’s body, men’s desires and sexual demand. Prostitution, naturally, influences the consciousness of women and their mindset to perceive themselves as a construct-- mediated by the culture of prostitution-- of agents of sex and sexuality, commodification and subordination.

    View all replies to this question
Reset my details